Cardiology is that branch of medical science which deals with disorders pertaining to human heart, blood vessels and circulation. The field encompasses medical diagnosis, electrophysiology, heart failure, valvular heart disease, congenital heart defects and coronary heart disease. Cardiology is one of the major arenas of medical tourism that invite foreign patients to India. World class medical treatments, skilled faculty of doctors and low cost of treatments are the major reasons that put India at par with western hemisphere as medical tourist destination.
India is one of the most preferred destinations in South-East Asian countries where overseas patients visit for successful cardiac treatments. With premium hospital chains such as Apollo, Fortis, Max Fort functioning in India, India leads the way by providing best treatments at lower price. Some of the most common cardiac treatments that are offered by Indian hospitals are as follows:
Vascular Surgery- This particular surgery deals with ailments relating to arteries and veins. Vascular surgeons diagnose the diseases affecting the vascular system except brain and heart and unclog the blockages of blood vessels to enable proper blood flow in the body. Various complicated surgeries that are routinely done include aneurysms, bypass surgery and repair of aortic.
Pediatric Cardiac Surgery- This particular heart surgery is performed on children suffering from congenital heart defects. Congenital heart disease is a heart ailment among infants which causes deficiency such as cardiomyopathies, structural defects and congenital arrhythmias.
Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery- This specialist heart surgery is performed to provide relief to angina and lower down risk of death from coronary artery disease. In this surgery, coronary arteries are replaced with a segment of healthy blood vessel in the patient's body. It enables proper blood flow in the heart and relieves chest pain.
Coronary Angiography - It is a medical imaging technique wherein an X-Ray is taken of the heart to examine the lumen of arteries, veins and four heart chambers. In order to perform angiography, a catheter is inserted into the peripheral artery.
Coronary Angioplasty- It is a technique of mechanical alteration of narrowed and obstructed arteries caused by atherosclerosis. Here, a balloon catheter is passed from narrowed arteries and thereafter overblown to a fixed size using water pressures. The balloon mashes the fatty deposits which led to the opening up of blood vessels for improved flow. After the blood vessel gets opened, the balloon is withdrawn.
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