Gastric bypass surgery is a type of Bariatric surgery. The procedure of gastric bypass surgery has been specifically designed for reducing the food intake for those who have failed to reduce their weight by every means. The purpose of the procedure is to make changes in the digestive system so as to limit the consumption of food. The procedure can improve the overall quality of life not only in terms of appearance but also reduce a number of health problems that overweight people are prone to suffer like heart problems and diabetes.
Biliopancreatic Diversion Bypass : This technique is less common and where the bypass is attached to the distal illium and the portion of the stomach is removed.
Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass : This technique is more common than Biliopancreatic diversion bypass. Roux-en-Y technique does not remove any portions of the stomach. The technique is performed with the help of open surgery by making 1 long incision. The technique can also be done laparoscopically and multiple smaller incisions are used instead of one long incision. The surgeon inserts a laparoscopic instrument in order to view the abdomen from within.
Gastric sleeve surgery, also referred to as sleeve gastrectomy, vertical sleeve gastrectomy, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and sleeve resection, is regarded as the newer type of Bariatric surgery. The purpose of this surgery is to limit the amount of food that a stomach can hold. The other purpose is to remove a portion of the stomach that produces the hormone known as Ghrelin (a hormone that causes hunger). The sleeve gastrectomy is regarded as the best alternative to duodenal switch surgery or gastric bypass surgery. The procedure can also be done laparoscopically.
The surgery is specifically designed for supporting an obese patient with weight control. From the existing stomach, a small pouch is created and is attached to the small intestine. This small pouch can hold only 1-2 ounces of food due to reduced size of the stomach. The food then passes from this pouch and goes directly into the intestine. The pouch fills with food quickly and on the other hand it empties gradually. A person feels satisfied even after consuming a very less quantity of food. The end result is the intake of fewer calories over the entire day that ultimately leads to weight loss in the long run.
After the surgery, the stay in the hospitals is about 2-3 days and in the case of laparoscopic procedure the stay is about 1-2 days. Normally, the recovery period is about 5 weeks.
The cost of the gastric bypass surgery in India depends upon the procedure chosen. The low cost of laparoscopic procedure attracts a large number of patients from across the world. All the surgeries in India are performed by trained surgeons and they also possess relevant training from the developed countries.