Intrauterine insemination IUI, also called artificial insemination is a basic step in the direct of fertility treatments. The treatment can be done using partner's (husband) sperm or sperm from a donor.
This low tech process can be done in two ways: natural and with ovulation induction. In the first manner, the body is monitored for ovulation and when the LH surge is higher, one should contact the fertility clinic for further instructions. They will inform you when and how to collect a sperm sample.
Requirements in Males - IUI will be ineffective where the male has low sperm count or poor sperm shape. For this, sperm tests should be done.
Requirements in Females - There should be no fertility problems. Tests should give proof of normal ovulation, open fallopian tubes, and a normal uterine cavity.
A woman with severely damaged or blocked fallopian tubes will not be helped by IUI.
It is done by threading a very thin flexible catheter through the cervix and injecting washed sperm straight into the uterus, taking just a few minutes. If the cervix is hard to reach then a tenaculum is used to hold it, making the process a bit uncomfortable.
The sperm is usually collected through ejaculation into a sterile collection cup or in collection condoms. Most of clinics want the semen within a half hour of ejaculation, so if one lives close then the sperms are collected at home but if not, one has to go to the clinic and do it in a private setting. After this washing is done and the sperms are used for IUI.
As per experts, within 6 hours of either side of ovulation, IUI should be performed. When timing is based on an hCG injection, the process is done between 24 and 48 hours later. Post-hCG, the timing of IUI is around 36 hours or 24 hours, while others also do it in 40-42 hour
Some experts, base the timing on a natural LH surge (within 24-36 hours). The two planned inseminations are timed between 12 and 48 hours after the surge is detected. The egg is only viable only for 24 hours after its release.
The success rates IUI falls between 5 -15 percent per cycle, on the woman's age (up to 35 years), sperm count of the male partner and the female' tubes that should be healthy. Generally three cycles of IUI are tried, if they fail then advanced methods are recommended.
IUI is a simple and inexpensive form of therapy, thus it should be tried first, then going on to more expensive options. In comparison to other countries, India offers treatment at affordable rates.
We can arrange for Free of cost opinions from various super speciality hospitals before doctor's consultations from the expert Doctors of our connected hospitals.