Epididymal cyst removal (spermatocele) is a procedure to remove cysts (fluid-filled sacs under the skin) from the testicular region. An alternative to the surgery is to drain the fluid with a needle; however, the fluid usually refills the cyst after a month or two.
A surgeon administers general anesthesia, putting the patient to sleep before the procedure. Thereafter, the surgeon makes an incision in the area, removes the cyst, and sutures the opening shut. Although they are typically benign, the surgeon might have the cyst and fluid examined.
Epididymal cyst removal is fairly quick and most patients are able to go home after a few hours of recovery in the hospital. Rest, antibiotics, and pain medication are usually recommended once the patient is released. Full recovery may take 7 to 10 days.
Epididymal cyst removal is a relatively minor outpatient surgery, although most males would argue that no surgery in that area is minor. Still, somepatients may not be candidates. Smokers and overweight patients are at risk. Similarly, men with blood pressure, heart, or lung problems should check with their doctors before pursuing the removal. While patients can expect mild bruising or swelling, the greatest risk during the procedureis usually the general anesthesia, which may affect the heart or lungs. There is a potential of sterilization (infertility), but these cases are extremely rare.