Bone Marrow Transplant in India (Leukemia/Acute Leukemia)

Surgery Tours India is a company which promotes medical tourism in India. It is a known fact that the medical system in India is famous for its expertise and standards. The doctors are of international standard and they have a great track record in treating patients. Surgery Tours India has a range of hospitals which are capable to treat many difficult diseases like bone marrow transplant, cancer, spine ailments, heart diseases, bone and joint problems quite effectively. Our hospitals are technology friendly and also at par with the international standards. Because of this, people from abroad come to us to get medical treatment. Also, one of the great benefits in getting treated in India is the unbelievably low cost of treatment. The stay in India during the treatment is very safe and attractive. The services during the stay are also at par with the international standards. People can feel at home while their stay in India.


Surgery Tours India specializes in providing high-class organ transplants. The transplantation of an organ from one body to another is known as organ transplant. The person donating the organ is called donor and the person receiving the organ is called recipient. The organ transplant is a life saving facility wherein the recipient gets healthy organ in place of his/her own damaged organ. There is a huge disparity in the supply and demand of the organ. There are also legal issues related to the organ transplant. As per the law, the organ can be donated by living, genetically-related persons. The organ can also be taken from unrelated individuals in special circumstances but without any unauthorized payments. The organ can also be taken from deceased body. The deceased body should be declared as brain dead.  


What is bone marrow transplant?
Bone marrow is a soft, sponge like material found inside the bone. It carries immature cells known as hematopoietic or blood forming stem cells. The hematopoietic stem cells divide to form more blood forming stem cells, or they mature as one of the three types of blood cells. White blood cells work towards strengthening the immunity and fights infection in the body. The red blood cell carries oxygen and platelets and it helps blood to clot. Blood in the umbilical cord also contains hematopoietic stem cells. Cells from any of the source can be used in bone marrow transplantation. Bone marrow transplantation is a procedure that restores stem cells that have been destroyed by high doses of chemotherapy and radiation therapy. There are three types of bone marrow transplantation.


Bone marrow transplantation cost in India is very low in comparison to the developed world. However, the standard of treatment remains the same. It is the main reason that many people are left satisfied at the end of the treatment and they have success stories to share. Out of the many surgeries that happen in India, bone marrow transplant is also very famous kind of treatment. Every year, many people travel to India to get the low cost bone marrow transplantation done.


Types of bone marrow transplant:
Autologous bone marrow transplant: It is a type of bone marrow transplant. The verbal meaning of autologous is self. In this type of transplant, the stem cells are removed from the own body before receiving high dose chemotherapy or radiation treatment. The stem cells are kept in the freezer (cyropreservation). Once the high dose chemotherapy or radiation treatments are done, the stem cells are kept inside the body to make normal blood cells. This procedure is also known as rescue transplant.


Allogeneic bone marrow transplant: The second kind of bone marrow transplant is allogeneic bone marrow transplant. The verbal meaning of allo is other. In this type of transplant, the stem cells of another person are removed. The other person is also called donor in this case. For this transplant to happen, the donor genes should partly match with the genes of recipient. There is a provision of special blood test to ascertain whether donor is a good match or not. Brother, sister, parents, children and other relatives are also a good match. Donors who are not related to you can be found through national bone marrow registries. Umbilical cord blood transplant is also a type of allogeneic bone marrow transplant. In this type of transplant, the stem cells are removed from a newborn baby’s umbilical cord right after birth. The stem cells are frozen and stored until they are needed for transplant. Lymphoma bone marrow transplant is suggested when lymphoma is in remission but is likely to come back, when lymphoma is in a second remission and when lymphoma has not responded to other treatments.


What are the aftereffects of bone marrow transplant?
Bone marrow transplant may cause symptoms like chest pain, chills, drop in blood pressure, fever, flushing, funny taste in mouth, headaches, hives, nausea, pain and shortness of breath. The common complications of bone marrow transplant can be anemia, bleeding in the lungs, bleedings in intestine, bleeding in brain, cataracts, clotting in small veins of liver, damage to kidney and heart, delayed growth in children, early menopause, graft failure which means that the new cells do not settle in body, graft versus host disease, infections which can be very serious, inflammation in mouth and throat, pain, stomach problems, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting.  

 

One needs special care after the procedure of bone marrow transplant. One needs to receive medications to treat infections including antibiotics, antifungals and antiviral disease. One may need many blood transfusions. One is also required to be fed through a vein (IV) until you can eat on your own. Mouth sores and stomach side effects prevents people from eating. One is also required to be given medications to prevent graft versus host disease. The success of transplant totally depends on how well the donor’s cells matches with your own cells. Your age and overall health also play role in the success of the bone marrow transplant.  

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