A kidney disorder in which a lot of protein in the urine is excreted by the body is known as nephrotic syndrome. This condition is due to damage caused to the clusters of small blood vessels in kidneys which is responsible for filtering excess waste and water by the means of blood. This syndrome results in the swelling of ankles and feet and it also increases the chance of other health problems.
Minimal change is considered as the most common type of nephrotic syndrome in children that can be seen in almost 80% of cases. In this the cells look normal and only have minimal changes that include -
Focal Sclerosis is yet another type of nephrotic syndrome which is considered as the most aggressive form of nephrotic syndrome that can result in following conditions -
The disorders that can damage the kidneys causes nephrotic syndrome. This damage results in excess protein in the urine.
Membranous glomerulonephritis is known as the most common cause in adults while minimal change disease is considered as the most common cause in children. Nephrotic syndrome may also occur from -
The most common symptom of nephrotic syndrome is swelling (edema) that can happen in -
Different tests are performed for diagnosing nephrotic syndrome that include -
The aim of treatment is to delay kidney damage by providing a relief from its symptoms and also preventing its complications. A particular type of treatment depends upon the cause of the disease. A good diet is necessary in children for reducing excess protein in the urine. The tissue swelling may also be reduced by decreasing the intake of fluid. A specific diet is recommended for adults also that should be low in protein and salt. Some of the medications are required for treating nephrotic syndrome that include -
The nephrotic syndrome cost in India is substantially lower than as compared to the surgical costs in America and Europe. The availability of latest technology and medical facilities attracts a large number of national as well as international patients to India.