Kidney cancer is a cancer which starts in the kidneys. The cancer starts when the cells in the body begin to grow out of control. The cells in nearly any part of the body can become cancer and spread to other areas of the body. Get in touch with us to get low cost kidney cancer treatment in India from the best surgeon for kidney cancer in India.
The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs, each about the size of a fist. They are attached to the upper back wall of the abdomen. One kidney is just to the left and the other to the right of the backbone. The lower rib cage protects the kidneys. Small glands called adrenal glands sit above each of the kidneys and they are surrounded by a fat and thin, fibrous layer known as Gerota's fascia.
The kidney's main function is to filter the blood coming in from the renal arteries to remove excess salt, water and waste products. The kidney's main job is to filter the blood coming in from the renal arteries for removing the excess salt, water and waste products which become urine. It leaves the kidneys through the long slender tubes called ureters that are connected to the bladder. The place where the ureter meets the kidney is called as the renal pelvis. The urine is then stored in the bladder until you urinate or pee.
The kidneys also have other jobs such as help control the blood pressure by making a hormone called rennin and also help ensure the body has enough red blood cells by making a hormone called erythropoietin. This hormone tells the bone marrow to make more red blood cells. Our kidneys are vital, but we actually need less than one complete kidney to function. Some people do not have any working kidneys at all and survive with dialysis, a medical procedure that uses a specially designed machine which filters the blood much like a real kidney would.
The type of kidney cancer tells you what type of cell it started in and knowing this will help your doctor to decide which treatment you need. Send us your query to get the Cheapest Renal Cancer Treatment in India on our website.
Also called as renal cell adenocarcinoma and occasionally hypernephroma, this is the most common type of kidney cancer in adults. Over 8 in every 10 kidney cancers diagnosed in the UK are of this type. The cancerous cells start in the lining of the tubules which is the smallest tubes inside the nephrons that help filter the blood and make urine.
Since the kidneys are made up of different types of cells, the type of cancer you have depend on the type of cell where the cancer starts. The three main types of renal cell cancer are:
Sarcomatoid renal (kidney) cancer: Any type of renal cell cancer can become sarcomatoid which means the cells of the cancer look like the cells of a sarcoma- a cancer of the body's supporting tissues, such as nerves, muscles, blood vessels, fibroid tissues and fat. If the kidney cancer is a sarcomatoid type it may have worse outlook than the non sarcomatous kidney cancers.
Transitional cell cancer of the kidney or ureter: Nearly 7 or 8 out of every 100 kidney cancers (7 to 8%) diagnosed in the UK are transitional cell cancers (TCCs) of the renal pelvis. The renal pelvis is the central area of the kidney in which the urine collects before it goes down the ureter to the bladder. The treatment for this type is similar to the treatment for bladder cancer.
Wilms' tumor: It is a type of kidney cancer called Wilms' tumor which can affect children. This is quite different from kidney cancer in adults.
Often kidney cancer develops in people over 40, but no one knows the exact causes of this disease. Doctors can seldom explain why one person develops kidney cancer while other does not. As per research, people with certain risk factors are more likely to develop kidney cancer. These risk factors include:
Most people having these risk factors do not get kidney cancer. On the other hand, most people who do not get the disease have no known risk factors. If you think you may be at risk then discuss this concern with your doctor who will be able to suggest ways to reduce the risk and help to plan an appropriate schedule for checkups. Know the Kidney Cancer Surgery Cost in Bangalore India by contacting us on our website.
In most cases, people may have no early symptoms of kidney cancer. As the tumor grows larger, the symptoms may appear. The common symptoms are:
Kidney cancer which has spread to other parts of the body may cause other symptoms like bone pain, coughing up blood and shortness of breath. Often these symptoms do not mean cancer since a cyst, an infection or another problem can also cause the same symptoms. If you have any of these symptoms, then see a doctor so that any problem can be diagnosed and treated as early as possible. Contact us to know the Cost of Surgery for Renal Cancer in India and the kidney cancer success rate in India.
Kidney cancer may be found due to the signs or symptoms a person have or it may be found because of the imaging tests or lab tests a person is getting for another reason. If cancer is suspected, the following tests will be needed to confirm the diagnosis:
The following are the stages of kidney cancer. The higher the stage, the more advanced the cancer.
People with kidney cancer want to take an active part in making decisions regarding their medical care. They want to learn about the disease and their treatment choices. Often it helps to make a list of questions before appointment. Your doctor may refer to a specialist or patient may ask for referral to specialists such as urologists and medical oncologists and radiation oncologists who treat kidney cancers. Get your appointment with the Best Kidney Cancer Surgeon in Delhi on our website.
Before starting the treatment, a patient with kidney cancer might want a second opinion about the diagnosis and the treatment. Some insurance companies need a second opinion, while others may cover a second opinion if the patient or doctor requests it.
The following are the main type of surgery for kidney cancer, which type you will have depends on how advanced your cancer is:
You can survive with just a part of one kidney as long as it is still working. Even if the surgeon removes both kidneys or if both kidneys are not working, you'll need dialysis or a kidney transplant.
If the surgery can't remove your kidney cancer, then your doctor will suggest another option to help destroy the tumor:
It uses your immune system to fight the cancer by directing, boosting or restoring your body's natural defences. The substances for the biologic therapy are made by your body or in a lab. Examples of biological therapy for metastatic kidney cancer include interleukin-2 or interferon alpha. There are many new immunotherapies that are actively studied for kidney cancer.
This therapy uses drugs or other substances to find and target the cancer cells with less toxicity to normal cells. Anti-angiogenic agents are one type of targeted therapy which keep the blood vessels from feeding the tumor, causing it to shrink or stop growing. Multikinase inhibitors or tyrosine kinase inhibitors are another type of targeted agent s or oral drugs which block an enzyme pathway thereby allows the cancer cells to grow. M-TOR inhibitors is a third type of targeted therapy and there are two of these drugs which are available one oral and the other IV. They will block a pathway which allows the blood vessels to help the tumor cells to grow. Each of these drugs has a unique place in the management of advanced kidney cancer.
Often it is used to help with symptoms of kidney cancer or in patients who cannot have surgery. This treatment uses high-energy X-rays or orther types of radiation which kill the cancer cells or halt their growth. The external radiation therapy sends the radiation to the cancer from a machine outside the body.
This therapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells or stop them multiplying. It is less effective for kidney cancer than other types of cancer. Most it is used for a certain type of kidney cancer in which there spindle cells.
It is extremely important even when the cancer seems to have been removed completely or destroyed. Sometimes the disease returns since the cancer cells can remain in the body post treatment. The doctor will monitor the recovery of the person treated for kidney cancer and checks for its recurrence. The checkups will ensure that any changes in the health are noted. To learn more about the Best Hospital for Renal Cancer Treatment in Mumbai and the Top Oncologist for Renal Cancer in Mumbai, fill up our free consultation form on our website.
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