Type 2 Diabetes also known as 'diabetes mellitus' raises the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood and causes the impediment of insulin function in the body. This is the most common form of diabetes and is found to consist of around 90% of all diabetic cases.
Insulin is released by the pancreas and is essential to convert the glucose extracted from the diet into energy. A person's body, when suffering from type 2 diabetes, is unable to utilize this insulin completely and develops a resistance to the insulin. This resistance by the cells to use insulin causes the pancreas to increase the rate of insulin secretion as a method to combat the inefficiency of the body to convert the glucose into energy. However, with time, the body is completely unable to convert the glucose and the level of glucose in the blood starts to increase.
The person suffering from type 2 diabetes (diabetes mellitus) shows the following signs and symptoms:
Type 2 Diabetes is caused by a combination of factors, such as:
Overweight persons are more prone to develop type 2 diabetes as obesity can cause the body to resist insulin if there is additional fat around the stomach region.
Genes play an important role in determining of the person is more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. You are more prone to develop type 2 Diabetes if there are prevalent cases of type 2 diabetes in one or more family members.
A number of other medical disorders related to metabolism in the body can cause type 2 Diabetes, such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, high glucose blood levels and extra fat around the stomach region.
In an event when the blood sugar level of a person gets abnormally low the liver automatically secretes additional glucose to compensate for the loss. At times the liver malfunctions and the secretion of additional glucose remains continued, resulting in excessive glucose level in the blood.
A number of different medical disorders can also give rise to type 2 Diabetes, these are:
There are a few methods that can be adopted to prevent the development and acquisition of type 2 Diabetes, these are:
As already stated type 2 Diabetes is caused due to a large number of factors, which are mostly related to genetics, lifestyle and certain prevailing medical conditions. Managing type 2 Diabetes involves maintaining blood glucose levels, decreasing cardiovascular risk factors and changes in lifestyle.
For a person with type 2 Diabetes it is very important to monitor the blood glucose levels and developing adequate care methods involving regular exercise and a balanced dietary habit. In case a diabetic person is overweight they should start a dietary regimen and exercise regularly with the aim to lose weight. Dietary changes such as lower carbohydrate and a low glycemic index diet are helpful to maintain blood sugar levels.
The doctor will suggest the type of oral medication to be taken in case of type 2 Diabetes. There are a large number of medicinal drugs that are found to be effective in controlling and maintaining blood sugar levels.
Besides oral medications you might need to take insulin injections depending on the severity and stage of the diabetes. These insulin injections are specially made to be taken regularly and the person gets used to them after a while.
A surgery for morbidly obese person suffering from diabetes is very useful in maintaining blood sugar levels in the long run and also decreases the risk of acquiring other health disorders related to overweight conditions.
The team at Surgery Tours India Consultants has a vast experience in managing your complete itinerary and treatment period with the best of hospitals and diabetic clinics in India. These consultants are well-adept at recognizing the importance of the specific needs of an individual patient. Surgery Tours India Consultants are also well reputed in offering the best hospitality and medical services at the lowest cost to foreign patients.
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