The knee joint is one of the most crucial joints which helps in performing our daily activities such as walking, running, sitting and exercising. A knee joint bears the entire weight of the body. Infection, injuries, trauma, age, genetics or arthritis are some of the conditions which can damage the knee joints. Initially, the patients are recommended with conservative treatments in case if these treatments fail to provide relief to the patient knee replacement surgery is recommended.
Knee replacement surgery is a complex procedure which makes it important to undergo this surgery from a skilled and experienced surgeon. There are different types of knee replacement surgery - the type of approach used vary from patient to patient. It may take around months or year for the patient to recover completely.
Following are some of the conditions that can lead to damaging of knees. Initially, the surgeon prescribes patients with anti-inflammatory medicines, pain killers, exercises and physiotherapy. In case if all these treatments fail to provide the patient with relief from the severe pain knee replacement surgery is recommended:
The artificial joint is popularly known as a prosthesis. This artificial joint is made of metal and hard plastic material. The joint is designed in such a way that it replicates the function of the natural joint. The shin bone portion is replaced with an artificial part which is made from plastic or metal material whereas strong plastic model (patella) is used to replace the kneecap. The artificial knee joint can last for many years but can wear out or loosen with time for which revision surgery is required.
Joints Replacement is one of the most common orthopaedic surgery. Many people undergo joint replacement surgery due to age factor, severe injury or genetic factor. Knee replacement surgery is performed on a patient who are over 50 years of age or has a severely damaged knee joint. Post-surgery the patients are able to move or walk around more freely.
Prior to recommending the surgery, the surgeons perform a series of tests such as X-ray and arthroscopy to know the exact condition of your joints. The surgeons may initially prescribe you with medicines and exercises to manage your pain and mobility. In case if you still have a stiff and painful knee while performing simple activities then knee replacement surgery is recommended.
There are 4 Major types of Knee Replacement Surgery. The type of knee replacement surgery recommended varies from patient to patient:-
This surgery is performed under general anaesthesia. The surgeon makes an 8 to 12-inch long incision in the front portion of the knee. With the help of surgical tools, the surgeon removes the damaged portion of the knee joint. Knee bone, kneecap, shin and cap are resurfaced and fixed with cement to hold the metal or plastic artificial joint. The new joint relies on the muscles and ligaments for essential support and normal function. With minimally invasive procedures, the surgeon can perform this surgery successfully without making any large incisions.
Post-surgery your stay in the hospital is for around 4 to 5 days for initial supervision. The day after the surgery you may be told to stand and move with the help of parallel bars, this is done to adjust your body with the newly fitted joint. With physiotherapy and proper medications you can experience a dramatic improvement in the overall movement of your joint. After a month or two, you can walk comfortably without any assistance and can enjoy most of the activities except rigorous jumping and running.
The knee replacement surgery success rate can expand up to 92% to 97%. The following points might help you expand the success rate of the surgery:-
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