Salivary Gland Cancer Treatment and Surgery India | Cost,Symptoms & Risk Factors

Salivary Gland Cancer Treatment and Surgery in India


Salivary Gland Cancer Treatment India

What Is Salivary Gland Cancer?

Salivary gland cancer starts in one of the salivary glands. It's not just one disease. There are actually several different salivary glands found inside and near your mouth. Many types of cancer and benign (non-cancerous) tumors can develop in these glands.

About the salivary glands

Salivary glands make saliva - the lubricating fluid found in the mouth and throat. Saliva contains enzymes that begin the process of digesting food. It also contains antibodies and other substances that help prevent infections of the mouth and throat.

The 2 main types of salivary glands are the major salivary glands and minor salivary glands.

There are 3 sets of major salivary glands on each side of the face:

  • The parotid glands, the largest salivary glands, are just in front of the ears. About 7 out of 10 salivary gland tumors start here. Most of these tumors are benign (not cancer), but the parotid glands still are where most malignant (cancerous) salivary gland tumors start.
  • The submandibular glands are smaller and are below the jaw. They secrete saliva under the tongue. About 1 to 2 out of 10 tumors start in these glands, and about half of these tumors are cancer.
  • The sublingual glands, which are the smallest, are under the floor of the mouth and below either side of the tongue. Tumors starting in these glands are rare.

There are also several hundred minor salivary glands that are too small to see without a microscope. These glands are under the lining of the lips and tongue; in the roof of the mouth; and inside the cheeks, nose, sinuses, and larynx (voice box). Tumors in these glands are uncommon, but they are more often cancerous than benign. Cancers of the minor salivary glands most often start in the roof of the mouth.

Symptoms of Salivary Gland Cancer

Signs and symptoms of a salivary gland tumor may include:

  • A lump or swelling on or near your jaw or in your neck or mouth
  • Numbness in part of your face
  • Muscle weakness on one side of your face
  • Persistent pain in the area of a salivary gland
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Trouble opening your mouth widely

Causes of Salivary Gland Cancer

Salivary gland tumors are rare, accounting for less than 10 percent of all head and neck tumors. It's not clear what causes salivary gland tumors.

Doctors know salivary gland cancer occurs when some cells in a salivary gland develop mutations in their DNA. The mutations allow the cells to grow and divide rapidly. The mutated cells continue living when other cells would die. The accumulating cells form a tumor that can invade nearby tissue. Cancerous cells can break off and spread (metastasize) to distant areas of the body.

Types of salivary gland tumors

Many different types of salivary gland tumors exist. Doctors classify salivary gland tumors based on the type of cells involved in the tumors. Knowing the type of salivary gland tumor you have helps your doctor determine which treatment options are best for you.

The most common benign salivary gland tumor is a pleomorphic adenoma. This is typically a slow-growing tumor that occurs most often in the parotid gland. Other benign salivary gland tumors include:

  • Basal cell adenoma
  • Oncocytoma
  • Warthin tumor

Types of malignant salivary gland tumors include:

  • Acinic cell carcinoma
  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Clear cell carcinoma
  • Malignant mixed tumor
  • Mucoepidermoid carcinoma
  • Oncocytic carcinoma
  • Polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma
  • Salivary duct carcinoma
  • Squamous cell carcinoma

Risk factors of Salivary Gland Cancer

Factors that may increase your risk of salivary gland tumors include:

  • Older age. Though salivary gland tumors can occur at any age, they most commonly occur in older adults.
  • Radiation exposure. Radiation, such as radiation used to treat head and neck cancers, increases the risk of salivary gland tumors.
  • Workplace exposure to certain substances. People who work with certain substances may have an increased risk of salivary gland tumors. Jobs associated with salivary gland tumors include those involved in rubber manufacturing, asbestos mining and plumbing.

Salivary Gland Cancer Treatments

Treatment for salivary gland cancer depends on the type, size and stage of salivary gland cancer you have, as well as your overall health and your preferences. Salivary gland cancer treatment usually involves surgery, with or without radiation therapy.

Surgery

Surgery for salivary gland cancer may include:

  • Removing a portion of the affected salivary gland. If your cancer is small and located in an easy-to-access spot, your surgeon may remove the tumor and a small portion of healthy tissue that surrounds it.
  • Removing the entire salivary gland. If you have a larger tumor, your doctor may recommend removing the entire salivary gland. If your cancer extends into nearby structures - such as the facial nerves, the ducts that connect your salivary glands, facial bones and skin - these also may be removed.
  • Removing lymph nodes in your neck. If there's evidence that cancer has spread to the lymph nodes in your neck, your surgeon may remove most of the lymph nodes in your neck (neck dissection). Neck dissection may involve removal of other muscles and nerves in your neck, as well.
  • Reconstructive surgery. If bone, skin or nerves are removed during your surgery, these may need to be repaired or replaced with reconstructive surgery. During reconstructive surgery, a plastic surgeon works to make repairs that improve your ability to chew, swallow, speak or breathe after surgery. You may need grafts of skin, tissue or nerves from other parts of your body to rebuild areas in your mouth, throat or jaw.

Salivary gland surgery can be difficult because several important nerves are located in and around the glands. For example, a nerve in the face that controls facial movement runs through the parotid gland. Removing tumors that involve important nerves may require damaging the nerves, causing partial paralysis of your face. Surgeons take care to preserve these nerves whenever possible. In some cases, severed nerves can be repaired with nerves taken from other areas of your body.

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy uses high-powered energy beams, such as X-rays, to kill cancer cells. During radiation therapy, you lie on a table while a machine moves around you, directing high-powered beams at specific points on your body. A newer type of radiation therapy that uses particles called neutrons may be more effective in treating certain salivary gland cancers. However, neutron radiation therapy isn't widely available in the United States.

Radiation therapy can be used after surgery to kill any cancer cells that might remain. If surgery isn't possible because a tumor is very large or is located in a place that makes removal too risky, radiation alone may be used to treat salivary gland cancer.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is a drug treatment that uses chemicals to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy may be an option for people with advanced salivary gland cancer that has spread to distant areas of their bodies. Chemotherapy isn't currently used as a standard treatment for salivary gland cancer, but researchers are studying its use.

Cost of Salivary Gland Treatment and Surgery in India

At Surgery Tours India, we recognize the significance of excellent health and well-being of our guests and hence our objective is to provide best Salivary Gland Treatment and Surgery in India at honest affordable prices. A preferred association with best hospital for Salivary Gland Treatment and Surgery in India and top surgeons in India helps us advise:

  • Best hospital for Salivary Gland Treatment and Surgery in India
  • The most affordable Salivary Gland Treatment and Surgery cost in India.

The cost of Salivary Gland Treatment and Surgery in India varies with the type of procedure chosen, your medical condition, surgeon, facility and the city where you choose to get the surgery done. The cost of Salivary Gland Treatment and Surgery in India starts from USD 3500 and varies with various factors.

An individually allocated case manager takes personalized interest to design a tailor made treatment plan for every guest and will provide with a specific time and cost of Salivary Gland Treatment and Surgery in India.

Medical history and diagnostic reports may be sent to care@surgerytoursindia.comfor an early response from the case managers.

Surgery Tours India Cares

We encourage you to educate yourself about Salivary Gland Treatment and Surgery in India, benefits from the right kind of procedure and then make an informed decision.

Surgery Tours India thus invites you for a free consultation with chosen best hospital for Salivary Gland Treatment and Surgery in India and top surgeons for Salivary Gland Surgery in India and assures you hassle free arrangements for examinations, procedures, recovery, travel and stay in India.

You can be rest assured that with Surgery Tours India's expertise, we bring in a wonderful experience of medical tourism in India, which we have been doing so for almost a decade now.

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