Anal Cancer Treatment in India
About Anal Cancer
India is one of the most affordable places for Anal cancer treatment with high success rates and the best part is it will not burn a hole in your pocket thus, making anal cancer treatment in India at best cancer hospitals with Surgery Tours India. We have associated with top cancer hospitals, which have comprehensive cancer care with dedicated professionals and state-of-the-art equipment and facilities. We are your companions in your journey to fight with cancer. Our professional services are focused on offering the best treatment that you can get, supported by an empathetic integrative care team who will help you manage your life through treatment and beyond.
What is Anal cancer?
Anal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the anus. Anal cancer is a lump created by the abnormal and uncontrolled growth of cells in the anus. Anal cancer is very rare. In some cases, it extend from one area into the other, hence it is hard to know exactly where they started. The anal canal is surrounded by a sphincter, a circular muscle that keeps the feces from coming out until it relaxes during a bowel movement.
Anal cancers are divided into 2 groups, Sometimes they treated differently:
- Cancers of the anal canal (above the anal verge)
- Cancers of the anal margin (below the anal verge)
Stages of anal cancer
The following stages are used for anal cancer:
- Stage 0: The cancer has not grown beyond the top layer of anal tissue and has not spread. Also called carcinoma in situ or Bowen’s disease.
- Stage I (stage 1 anal cancer): The cancer has spread beyond the top layer of anal tissue, but it has not spread to nearby lymph nodes or distant sites. The tumor is less than 2 cm.
- Stage II (stage 2 anal cancer): The tumor is greater than 2 cm but has not spread to nearby organs, lymph nodes or distant sites.
- Stage III (stage 3 anal cancer): There are two subcategories of stage III anal cancer: IIIA and IIIB. The categories differ by the extent to which the cancer has spread.
Stage IIIA anal cancer may be staged in two different ways:
- The cancer is any size but has not grown into nearby organs. The cancer has spread to the lymph nodes around the rectum. The cancer has not spread to distant sites, OR
- The cancer has spread to nearby organs, such as the vagina or bladder. The cancer has not spread to nearby lymph nodes. The cancer has not spread to distant sites.
Stage IIIB cancer may also be staged in two different ways:
- The cancer has spread to nearby organs, such as the vagina or bladder. The cancer has spread to the lymph nodes around the rectum. The cancer has not spread to distant sites, OR
- The cancer is any size and may or may not have grown into nearby organs. The cancer has spread to the lymph nodes in the groin or pelvis and may or may not have spread to lymph nodes around the rectum. The cancer has not spread to distant sites.
- Stage IV (stage 4 anal cancer): In this, the most advanced stage of anal cancer, the cancer is any size and may or may not have spread to nearby organs, such as the vagina or bladder. The cancer may or may not have spread to nearby lymph nodes. The cancer has spread to distant organs and tissues.
Risk factors for anal cancer
- Being infected with human papillomavirus (HPV)
- Having a condition or disease that causes a weakened immune system, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or an organ transplant.
- Having a personal history of vulvar, vaginal, or cervical cancers
- Having many sexual partners
- Having receptive anal intercourse (anal sex)
- Smoking cigarettes
Analysis of anal cancer
- Physical exam and history: An exam of the body to check general signs of health, including checking for signs of disease, such as lumps or anything else that seems unusual. A history of the patient’s health habits and past illnesses and treatments will also be taken.
- Digital rectal examination (DRE): An exam of the anus and rectum. The doctor or nurse inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the lower part of the rectum to feel for lumps or anything else that seems unusual.
- Anoscopy: An exam of the anus and lower rectum using a short, lighted tube called an anoscope.
- Proctoscopy: An exam of the rectum using a short, lighted tube called a proctoscope.
- Endo-anal or endorectal ultrasound: A procedure in which an ultrasound transducer (probe) is inserted into the anus or rectum and used to bounce high-energy sound waves (ultrasound) off internal tissues or organs and make echoes. The echoes form a picture of body tissues called a sonogram.
- Biopsy: The removal of cells or tissues so they can be viewed under a microscope by a pathologist to check for signs of cancer. If an abnormal area is seen during the anoscopy, a biopsy may be done at that time.
Treatment of anal cancer
There are Different types of treatments are available for anal cancer. The treatment will mainly depend on the location of the cancerous tumour, its type, its size and the overall stage of progression of cancer cells in the body.
Some treatments are standard (the currently used treatment), and some are being tested in clinical trials. A treatment clinical trial is help to improve current treatments or obtain information on new treatments for patients with cancer.
Three types of standard treatment are used:
- Surgery: Surgery is the removal of the tumor and some surrounding healthy tissue during an operation. The type of surgery for anal cancer depends on the stage of the cancer.
- Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy is the use of high-energy x-rays or other particles to destroy cancer cells. A doctor who specializes in giving radiation therapy to treat cancer is called a radiation oncologist.
- Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to destroy cancer cells, usually by keeping the cancer cells from growing, dividing, and making more cells.
New types of treatment are being tested in clinical trials:
- Radiosensitizers: Radiosensitizers are drugs that make tumor cells more sensitive to radiation therapy. Combining radiation therapy with radiosensitizers may kill more tumor cells.
- Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy is a treatment that uses the patient's immune system to fight cancer. Substances made by the body or made in a laboratory are used to boost, direct, or restore the body's natural defenses against cancer. This type of cancer treatment is also called biotherapy or biologic therapy.
Best hospital for anal cancer
India is one of the most prestigious and leading group of oncologists, cancer surgeons, and physicians dedicated to fight numerous differing kinds and stages of cancer with the most effective medical facilities and infrastructure at a very reasonable value. Surgery Tours India is concerned and dedicated to deliver quality and low value cancer treatment at the best hospital in India to people from all over the world.
Our association with the top cancer hospitals within the world offers the best aid facilities to assist the patients seeking medical care and specialty treatments from the best medical specialist in India.
- Collaboration with the highest cancer hospitals India
- Equipped with the newest medical tools and technologies to treat the cancers and perform chemotherapy
- Hygienic and patient friendly infrastructure
- The best specialist in India is onboard with us along with a huge panel of experienced and skilled oncologists and surgeons
- Medical care at each medical facility attuned to the international standards
- Delivering medical expertise and warm customer care to the furthermore as their families
- Having many satisfied and happy customers to add to our credibility
- Having a team of accounts specialists to help the patients with their financial necessities in order that they can avail the treatment at nominal cost
Cost of anal cancer treatment in India
The cost of Anal cancer treatment in India varies with the type of procedure chosen, your medical condition, surgeon and the facility where you choose to get the treatment done. Our main objective is to provide best treatment for Anal cancer in India at affordable prices. India uses the top technology treatment for their patients with a very low cost. Anal cancer treatment cost in India is less than a sixth of what it costs to get the same quality of treatment in Western countries like US, UK, Canada, Australia or any other developed country.