The aim of Bariatric surgery is to limit the consumption of food in order to facilitate the process of weight reduction. It is very essential to follow proper diet guidelines and lifestyle changes for achieving the maximum benefits. It is essential to minimize hair loss problem and to maintain hydration, skin elasticity and also lean body mass. These balanced meals help in preserving the muscle tissue and also prevents different nutrient deficiencies.
The patient should understand that size of the stomach after the surgery is very small. So it is essential to take 2-3 bites at a time and wait till ten minutes before starting any new food. In comparison to soft solids, liquid empties fast from the stomach. Quick or overeating can result in pain or nausea. Avoid eating creamy liquids such as ice creams, gravies and sauces.
A patient is required to follow a specific diet post surgery. The patient will be given broth, juices and Jell-O which are high in sugar content. The food portions after the surgery will be very small and the amount will be gradually increased after a patient gets the power to tolerate it.
The calorie intake of the patient can be more than five hundred calories a day. All the meals should be divided into 6-8 small meals. The advisable portion size of liquids is 1/2cups and for 1/4cups for solids.
A protein diet is recommended that include yogurt, meats, seafood, tofu, poultry, eggs, soy milk, cottage cheese, meats and other milk products. The protein diet helps in preserving muscle tissue. Minimum of 65-75 grams of protein in a day is recommended.
In order to avoid any kind of nutrient deficiency, a patient must take different supplements. It is required to cut the pills into 6-8 small pieces. Whole pills cannot pass easily from the new anatomy.
Calcium Supplement : A daily requirement of calcium is 1,200-2,00 mg so as to avoid any bone disease and calcium deficiency. It is important to divide calcium doses into 2-3 parts of the entire day.
Vitamin B12 Supplement : It is essential to take 500 mg of vitamin B every day.
Multivitamins : It is required to take high-potency daily chewable mineral and multivitamin supplement containing minimum of 400 mcg of folic acid, zinc, copper, 18 mg of iron and selenium.
Vitamin D Supplement : It is essential to take vitamin D with a quantity of 800-1,000 IUs (International Units) per day. The entire amount should be into different doses of 400-500 IUs twice a day.
Other Supplements : Additional supplements may be required for some patients that include iron or folic acid supplements. These supplements are especially for women who are still menstruating.
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