Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG) is a surgical method performed to improve the flow of blood & oxygen to the heart muscle. The narrowing of the coronary arteries hinders the blood flow through the blood vessels of the heart and can cause a heart attack. The major reason behind the blockage of arteries is the accumulation of fatty substances and cholesterol over a period of time. The surgery helps in re-routing blood to the heart muscles, relieving chest pain and improves function of the heart muscles.
Post surgery, you will be kept in the intensive care unit (ICU) for a short period of time (1 to 2 days). In the ICU, you will undergo following things:
During a Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG), the blood flow is re-routed around the clogged artery by detaching a long segment of an artery from the chest wall, arms or leg veins. Thereafter, the new artery is grafted to the clogged area of the coronary artery. Through the newly attached channel, blood gets unhindered route to flow to the heart muscles. This procedure is known as Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery. Depending upon the number of blocked coronary arteries, a patient may undergo more than one bypass graft.
A Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG) procedure generally takes 3 to 5 hours but it can vary depending upon the number of arteries that needs to be bypassed.
Post the surgical procedure, you'll spend 1 or 2 days in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Here, your blood pressure, heart rate, oxygen levels is regularly checked throughout the recuperation period. Thereafter, you will be transferred to a traditional hospital room, where you'll stay for next 4 to 5 days before being discharged. The recuperation may last anywhere between 6 to 12 weeks following the CABG surgery including home care & regular follow-ups with the doctor.
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